Sweating is a normal part of body’s metabolic functions. Sweating is a mode by which the excess moisture in the body is eliminated. However, there are some people who sweat excessively in response to hot temperatures, activities (exercises) and emotional situations. When a person sweats profusely without any reason the condition is called as hyperhidrosis.
Excessive sweating can be caused because of some underlying diseases or it may be because of medical condition such as diabetes. Sometimes medications can also cause excessive sweating in a person. The question is what causes excessive sweating exactly? Let us see of the reasons that can lead to excessive sweating.
For most of us who sweats profusely without any known obvious reason can have several doubts on what causes excessive sweating.
Emotional or Psychological conditions can be the caused:
Emotional conditions such as fear, anger or depression can cause excessive sweating in you. People suffering from panic disorders can have panic attacks (sudden intense fear) which results in excessive perspiration. A painful and stressful situation in your life can also cause you to sweat profusely. In such cases, only therapist can help you to get out from a stressful event. Even medications can treat depression and anxiety and help you to get rid of excessive sweating.
Physical conditions can be the caused:
Many medical conditions can cause excessive sweating in you. These include diabetes, cancers (Hodgkin’s disease), shingles, Parkinson’s disease and shingles. Excessive sweating can be caused by underlying medical conditions too. Therefore, it is important to diagnose the underlying cause of hyperhidrosis and see a doctor immediately to treat excessive sweating. Some of the medical conditions that causes excessive sweating include-
- Heart or lung disease
- Respiratory failure
- Infections such as HIV
- Malarial infection
- Spinal cord injury
- Alzheimer’s disease
Hormonal imbalances can be the caused:
Excessive sweating is commonly caused in women due to hormonal changes. For instance, lowered levels of female hormone estrogen during menopause can cause excessive sweating called as hot flashes in women. Night sweats (excessive sweating at night) are common in women with menopause. A pregnant women experience hormonal imbalances during pregnancy and this can result in profuse sweating. Women who are on birth control pill can also go through hormonal fluctuations and this can lead to sweating excessively. An obese person can also sweat profusely because of obesity (increased blood flow).
Medications can be the caused:
Several medications that are used to treat various diseases can cause excessive sweating. Certain prescription drugs and over-the-counter drugs often lead to profuse sweating. Medications such as anti-depressants and anti-cholinesterase (used to treat Alzheimer’s disease), high blood pressure medicines (like propranol) and pilocarpine (used for glaucoma treatment) can cause excessive sweating. Patients with diabetes may sweat excessively because of the insulin supplement they took to treat diabetes.
Obesity the main caused for excessive sweating:
Obesity is an illness itself. An obese person is more likely to sweat excessively because of the excess weight and increased flow of the blood. The only way to treat excess perspiration is to shed extra fats through daily exercises and workouts.
Other causes of excessive sweating:
This include substance abuse (like cocaine, morphine etc), drinks (coffee or alcohol), foods (spicy, hot foods), fever and hot environment.