Hyperhidrosis is a medical term for excessive sweating. Hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating can affect children, teenage and adults. It is classified into two main types-
- Primary hyperhidrosis: Primary hyperhidrosis is also called as focal hyperhidrosis. People with primary hyperhidrosis sweats excessively on a specific body part for instance, armpits, feet or palms. Primary hyperhidrosis may be caused because of genetic disorders or it can be hereditary.
- Secondary hyperhidrosis: Secondary hyperhidrosis or generalized hyperhidrosis refers to the excessive sweating throughout the body. Person with secondary hyperhidrosis sweats excessively all over the body because of some illness or underlying medical condition. Generalized sweating can be due to some medications and drugs too.
What triggers hyperhidrosis?
Hyperhidrosis can be triggered by some spicy foods and caffeine containing drinks and alcohols. Most important factor known to trigger hyperhidrosis is emotional factors such as depressions, stress, anger and nervousness. Anxiety and fear can also elicit hyperhidrosis.
Excessive sweating can be because of medical conditions, underlying problems or infections. Only your doctor can diagnose the exact cause of your hyperhidrosis. There are several doctors which deals with excessive sweating disorders.
What type of doctor can help me with hyperhidrosis?
Hyperhidrosis is a medical problem. Therefore, you will need a doctor who is experienced in hyperhidrosis treatment. Your doctor should have a good knowledge about the sweating disorder. Some of the doctors that can help you with hyperhidrosis include-
General physician or primary doctor can help you with hyperhidrosis if it is not severe. If your physician is not able to solve your hyperhidrosis problem, then you may be referred to some other specialist.
Dermatologist or skin doctor can help you with hyperhidrosis. Dermatologist can thoroughly examine your skin and find out if there is any defect or problem in the sweat pores. Dermatologist will prescribe you some antiperspirants and deodorants that can help you to reduce excessive sweating. Depending on your skin type, he can guide you to have the best antiperspirant which will not cause skin irritations.
If your hyperhidrosis is severe then he might suggest you to have Iontopheresis treatment where water and electric current is used to thicken the skin layer to block excessive sweating. Another treatment for hyperhidrosis is Botox injection.
Endocrinologist is a doctor which deals with endocrine system of the body. Endocrinologist will examine you for any imbalances and problems in the endocrine systems. Endocrinologist will do tests to figure out any hormonal or chemical imbalances. Accordingly, he will guide you with the required treatment.
Secondary hyperhidrosis can be due to underlying neurological disorders too. Any disorder in the secretion of the pituitary glands or hypothalamus can transmit wrong signal to the neurotransmitters. This can cause hot flashes or excessive sweating. Several brain or neurological diseases can cause hyperhidrosis. This can only be detected and diagnose by a neurologist. Neurologist will look for any infections, injuries or inflammations in the spinal cord, neurons, cerebral cortex or peripheral regions.
Surgical removal of axillary skin and apocrine glands can be done. Apocrine glands are responsible for stimulating sweat glands.
A specialist hyperhidrosis surgeon will help you to carry out surgery called as endoscopic thoracic Sympathectomy. In this surgery, sympathetic nerves are removed permanently so that ganglia will not be able to transmit impulses.
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