Menopause is refers to a time period in a woman’s life when there is complete ceasing of monthly period for the past 12 months. That is there is total absence of periods for 12 entire months. Menopause thus signifies the end of woman’s ovary functions and hence ends of fertility.
Symptoms of menopause in women are as follows-
Symptoms of menopause in women include hot flashes and cold flashes. Hot flash is defined as the sudden transitory heat sensation in the body which causes noticeable flushing or redness on the face and the top part of the body. It may last for about 30 seconds or so. Hot flashes can be like a delicate, mild flashes or it can be hot, warmth like flames flashes. Hot flash is nothing but the body’s response to a reduced supply of the estrogen hormone.
- Insomnia: Hot flashes increase the temperature of the body, skin and pulse. These can result in insomnia, a sleeping disorder. Women may experience poor night sleep and an increased drowsiness. Because of inadequate night sleep (may be due to night sweats) they suffer from insomnia.
- Increase weight: Due to decreased or reduced body metabolism, women can experience weight gain during menopause. Because of larger fat deposits, with reduced metabolism can give a flabby abdomen, arms, thighs and legs.
- Night sweats: Night sweats are common symptoms of menopause in women and it is related to hot flashes. Women may experience an intense night sweats in menopause also known as “nocturnal hyperhydrosis”.
- Mood swings: A women in menopause have a high degree of mood swings and they become unpredictable. They become easily triggered by emotions like anger, sadness, irritability or joy.
- Vaginal atrophy: Thinning of the (vaginal) membranes such as cervix, vulva and vagina can affect sexual desires. Itching and drying increases and the genital areas start becoming inelastic. Irritation is often experienced. At this condition intercourse can be uncomfortable and painful. Also drying of the vagina makes the vaginal areas susceptible to infections and inflammations.
- Headaches: This is a common symptom of menopause in women. Migraine and stress, anxiety headaches can increase at this time. Migraine is a vascular headache and managing migraines during menopause can be difficult.
- Fatigue: Fatigue is due to lower levels of estrogen in the body. Fatigue is a continual feeling of tiredness, weakness and lowered energy.
- Hair fall or thinning: Women may notice gradual thinning of hair and this is due to deficiency of estrogen (hair follicles needs estrogen). The hair may become increasingly thin, brittle and dry.
- Irregular periods: Irregular menstruation is a common symptom in women approaching menopause. This may be due to imbalance in the hormone production or due to lower production of estrogen.
- Decreased libido: Women in menopause suffer from low sex drives. There may be lessening sexual desire because of factors such as hormonal changes, emotional stress or neurological problems. This can affect personal relationships.
Some of the serious menopause symptoms include-
- Bleeding: If you experience heavy bleeding or increasingly periods are heavy, then it can be a serious sign of menopause. Heavy bleedings can harm your body and this can be a symptom of some tumors like fibroid tumors, uterine cancer etc.
- Increased blood pressure: Hypertension or high blood pressure can risk you of developing heart disease and stroke.
Heart beats: Increased heart palpitations associated with chest pain. Fainting, anxiety or nausea can be a symptom of heart attack.