What are sweat glands?
Sweat glands are hollow tubes which produce sweat and they are transferred to the outer surface of the body (skin).As we perspire the sweat glands releases the sweat which makes our body temperature to stay in cool normal level. To maintain such kind of stability, sweats glands spreads out on all our body parts -genital parts, lips, hands and neck etc. Every individual has more than 2 million sweat glands. There are two types of sweat glands and these are:
- Eccrine glands: Eccrine glands are the most widespread kind of sweat glands. They can be detected all over the body. Mostly in our forehead, palms of the hand, feet and neck. When we feel hot due to performing some exercise, if we are suffering from medical condition (high fever) and feeling hot in the outdoors then this type of sweat glands produces sweat.
- Apocrine glands: Apocrine glands are usually located in areas that have hairs-underarms, external genital parts and around the anus. This sweat is produced when a person is going through some emotional stress.
Sweat gland removal:
Sweating occurs when we are performing any activity in a hot environment or if we are suffering from medical condition. This kind of sweating is experienced by everyone. Under this condition, sweat gland produces sweat in a normal level. However, there are people who suffer from severe sweating problem due to some non related medical problems like hormonal disorders-menopause (in women) and Andropause (in men) etc which causes excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis). In this condition, consulting a doctor and opting for sweat gland removal can be a beneficial idea.
Procedure of sweat gland removal:
- Sweat gland suction (curettage): Sweat gland suction is one of the gentle operative processes of sweat gland removal. Under this procedure, the surgeon applies local anesthesia under the skin(where the suction is going to be further proceeded).Then the layers of tissues becomes loose enough to suck out the fluid as well as the sweat glands by using a suction cannual ( 2 to 3 mm in radius). After the suction, the skin is lifted gently from the original tissue and the underneath of the skin is abraded in combination with the separation of the nerves which leads to the sweat glands. The advantage of this procedure is that-it hardly makes any scars. The sweat gland suction procedure is a pain free and low risk method to prevent sweat.
- Sweat gland excision: Under sweat gland excision procedure, the area of the skin (which is affected by excessive sweating) is surgically removed as well as the sweat gland. In this sweat gland removal process the wounds are sewn shut (with small stitches). The healing of the wounds can take a long time and after the surgery large marks are left behind.
Treatment of the sympathetic nervous system: The third procedure for the sweat gland removal is the treatment of the sympathetic nervous system. Under this procedure, the activity of the sympathetic nervous system is disabled by using anesthesia. Then, 5mm long incision on each side of ribcage is placed by the surgeon. After that endoscopy process is followed where a camera is put inside the nervous system and this process is known as Endoscopic transthoraic Sympathectomy (ETS).It is 60 minutes procedure and the wounds are sewn shut.