What is Excessive Sweating?
Excessive sweating is medically termed as Hyperhidrosis. Sweat is a liquid form of waste particles of the body which usually comes out when any physical activity is performed (exercise or working in the hot atmosphere). This kind of sweating is normal for all people. However, excessive sweating is different from normal sweating because it tends to form constantly in people’s body without being affected by the surrounding temperature.
The result of hyperhidrosis can be severe and people can be affected by it from their childhood or adolescence. People who are suffering from hyperhidrosis face many problems such as:
- Sweaty hands.
- Sopping smelly shoes.
- Lack of ability to grab or hold objects (pen and paper).
- Bad stains in clothes.
Types of Hyperhidrosis or Excessive Sweating:
- Primary Hyperhidrosis: Primary hyperhidrosis is also known as focal hyperhidrosis. When there is excessive sweating which is not caused by any medical side effects or medical condition then this type of sweating is known as primary hyperhidrosis. Primary hyperhidrosis is often detected in childhood or adolescence age. This type of hyperhidrosis generally affects the hands, armpits and feet.
- Secondary Hyperhidrosis: Secondary hyperhidrosis is also called generalized hyperhidrosis. This hyperhidrosis is caused as a result of the side effects of medication or menopause in women. In secondary hyperhidrosis, sweat is formed in the vulnerable parts of the body- face, neck, hands, armpits, and feet.
- Facial Hyperhidrosis: As the name suggests facial hyperhidrosis occurs in the face. In this condition, the sweat drips constantly from the face even while performing light activities.
Causes for Excessive Sweating:
- Emotional Conditions: Anxiety is one of the mental health conditions which cause excessive sweating. In this condition, people can suffer from panic attacks also. Another, reason for excessive sweating is depression.
- Changes in Hormones: Hormonal changes causes’ abnormal perspiration meaning excessive sweating. During menopause, there are certain hormonal changes in women which lead to excessive sweating.
- Medical conditions: Medical conditions like diabetes, heart disease, lung disease and cancer can cause excessive sweating. The serious infection due to tuberculosis also causes excessive sweating.
- Obesity: Obesity can also lead to excessive sweating. People who are suffering from obesity have extra fat in their body and they tend to sweat a lot whether performing some rigorous physical activity or not.
- Medications: Some of the prescribed medications can cause excessive sweating .This can be a side effect of the medication, so it’s better to consult a doctor for further treatment.
Treatment for Excessive Sweating:
- Prescription Antiperspirants: Prescription antiperspirant contains 20 to 25% of aluminum chloride hex hydrate which help in preventing excessive sweating.
- Iontophoresis: Iontophoresis is one of the treatments used to control excessive sweating. Under this treatment, doctor plugs the sweat ducts by using mild electronic device. This treatment for excessive sweating is temporary so it should be performed regularly.
- Botox: Botox injections also help in treating excessive sweating. Under this procedure, the botox injection is injected to the localized parts of the body. The treatment is effective for about 9 months and should be continued further to control sweating.
- Surgery: The above mentioned treatment is not beneficial for some people so they can opt for the last but the effective treatment-surgery. Under this treatment, the surgeon surgically removes the main sympathetic nerve to prevent excessive sweating.